When given the choice between a free meal and performing a task for a meal, cats would prefer the meal that doesn’t require much effort, US researchers have found.
While that might not come as a surprise to some cat lovers, it does to cat behaviorists. Most animals prefer to work for their food—a behaviour called contrafreeloading.
A new study from researchers at the University of California—and published in Animal Cognition—showed most domestic cats choose not to contrafreeload. The study found that cats would rather eat from a tray of easily available food rather than work out a simple puzzle to get their food.
“There is an entire body of research that shows that most species including birds, rodents, wolves, primates—even giraffes—prefer to work for their food,” lead author Mikel Delgado said.
“What’s surprising is out of all these species cats seem to be the only ones that showed no strong tendency to contrafreeload.”
In the study, Delgado and his team provided 17 cats with a food puzzle and a tray of food. The puzzle allowed the cats to easily see the food but required some manipulation to extract it. Some of the cats even had food puzzle experience.
“It wasn’t that cats never used the food puzzle, but cats ate more food from the tray, spent more time at the tray and made more first choices to approach and eat from the tray rather than the puzzle,” Delgado said.
Cats that were part of the study wore activity monitors. The study found that even cats that were more active still chose the freely available food.
Why cats prefer to freeload is unclear. Delgado said the food puzzles used in the study may not have stimulated their natural hunting behaviour, which usually involves ambushing their prey.