University of Adelaide researchers are investigating the frequency of equine asthma and risk factors for its presence in horses across Australia, and whether the recent bushfires have increased respiratory distress.
“We know from studies of race horses overseas that up to between 57 and 80 per cent of horses have a mild to moderate form of asthma and that as many as between 14 and 20 per cent of horses may have a severe form of asthma but we don’t currently have much information about prevalence in Australia,” said Dr Surita Du Preez, specialist veterinarian in equine internal medicine at the University.
“If we can determine the prevalence of asthma in our horses here, and identify Australian-specific risk factors for development of equine asthma, we may be able to prevent disease development, and better manage horses that are already affected.”
Asthma is one of the main causes of poor performance in horses, making them unwilling to go forward in race, sport or pleasure riding situations.
Dr Du Preez and honours student Jewel Azaria Tan are conducting a survey of horse owners with questions about their horses’ health, use, and management including feeding and housing practices. Owners will also be asked if they have noticed increased respiratory distress in their horses after the bushfires.
Based on the questionnaire answers, the researchers will use a scoring system to establish the likelihood of asthma.
“The mild to moderate form of asthma can affect horses of all ages and disciplines, not just racehorses,” Dr Du Preez said. “It can result in intermittent coughing or nasal discharge or both.
“Horses have a poorly developed cough reflex and should not cough at all. If they cough it usually signifies a problem, unlike in people who have a very well-developed cough reflex and may cough because of a simple throat tickle.
“The severe form of asthma affects middle aged to older horses and is a life-long, progressive disease which if left unmanaged can results in severe airway remodelling and obstruction to airflow, resulting in breathing difficulties,” Dr Du Preez said.
She added it is unclear whether the bushfires have worsened asthma in horses.
“We hope through this survey to establish some baseline information about the numbers of horses affected by bushfires and whether the owners noticed an increase in respiratory signs.”
The current deadline for the survey is Friday 15 May.
Dr Du Preez is also evaluating the traditional methods for diagnosing asthma in horses to determine what the gold standard of diagnosis should be. Horses with a cough and/or nasal discharge or those with poor performance are eligible for inclusion in the study. Please contact: 08 8313 1999 (choose option 2).
Participant information sheet and prize draw terms and conditions for the survey can be viewed here.
The original version of this story first appeared on the University of Adelaide website.